Los Angeles Businesses Confront a New Vaccine Mandate

Thousands of gyms, restaurants, movie theaters, shopping malls, salons and other businesses are now required to ask customers for proof of vaccination.,

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Los Angeles businesses confront a new vaccination mandate.

Blanca Quintero sets up a sign asking customers to show proof of Covid vaccination at Highland Park Brewery, in Los Angeles, on Monday.Credit…Jae C. Hong/Associated Press

Nov. 9, 2021Updated 7:54 p.m. ET

Thousands of gyms, restaurants, movie theaters, shopping malls, salons and other indoor businesses in Los Angeles were required this week to start asking customers for proof that they had been fully vaccinated against Covid-19, under one of the nation’s strictest vaccination rules.

The law, which the City Council approved last month, allows people with medical conditions that preclude vaccination, or a sincerely held religious objection, to instead show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken within the preceding 72 hours.

Officials say that the law is meant to help revive a city that has been under varied levels of restriction for more than a year and a half, and that requiring almost everyone who enters an indoor public space to be vaccinated will help prevent a surge in cases as winter approaches.

“Our businesses can’t afford another shutdown,” Nury Martinez, the president of the Los Angeles City Council, said in a statement. “The goal of this mandate is to limit the transmission of the virus and save lives.”

10,000

20,000 hospitalized

Feb. 2020

Mar.

Apr.

May

Jun.

Jul.

Aug.

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Jan.

Feb. 2021

Mar.

Apr.

May

Jun.

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7-day average

4,190
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The seven-day average is the average of a day and the previous six days of data. Currently hospitalized is the most recent number of patients with Covid-19 reported by hospitals in the state for the four days prior. Dips and spikes could be due to inconsistent reporting by hospitals. Hospitalization numbers early in the pandemic are undercounts due to incomplete reporting by hospitals to the federal government.

But some business owners said they were frustrated that they might be forced to turn away customers as they struggle to bounce back from a devastating year.

Kim Prince, who owns Hotville, a popular Nashville hot chicken restaurant in the city’s Crenshaw district, said the vaccine verification requirement for indoor diners was just one more thing she had to worry about, along with staffing challenges and skyrocketing prices of ingredients like chicken and frying oil.

While she supports vaccines and has encouraged neighbors to get vaccinated, she said the mandate could put her employees in the difficult position of informing customers for the first time that they must be vaccinated or else eat their food outside.

“We become the villain. We become that target,” she said. “That’s not my role — I’m not a policymaker, I’m a business owner who loves working in my own neighborhood.”

It’s particularly difficult for historically marginalized neighborhoods like Crenshaw, where fewer people are vaccinated than in Los Angeles County overall.

The State of Vaccine Mandates in the U.S.

A growing number of employers, universities and businesses are now issuing some form of a vaccine requirement. Here’s a closer look.

Private Sector: The Biden administration set Jan. 4 as the deadline for large companies to mandate vaccinations or start weekly testing of their workers, but a federal appeals court temporarily blocked the rule.Federal Government: A mandate for the vast majority of federal workers applies to employees of the executive branch, including the White House and all federal agencies and members of the military.City Workforces: Some major cities — New York City, Los Angeles and Chicago — are requiring municipal workers to get vaccinated.Schools: California issued a mandate for all educators and plans to add the vaccine as a requirement to attend school. New York City has a mandate for teachers and staff in public schools.Colleges: More than 400 colleges and universities require students to be vaccinated.Hospitals: Many medical centers are requiring employees to get vaccinated. Mandates for health care workers in California and New York State compelled thousands of holdouts to receive the shots.

Ms. Prince said she thought much of the problem could be solved if the city did a better job of communicating the restrictions so that restaurant workers aren’t required to explain them to hungry, unsuspecting customers. She likened it to going to the airport: Travelers don’t expect to get on a jet without a boarding pass.

“You’ve just got to get it in their face in as many ways as possible,” she said. “If you’ve got to write it in the sky, then send the plane up.”

Some residents viewed the restrictions not as a mere logistical burden but as an unfair encroachment. At a protest outside City Hall on Monday, The Los Angeles Times reported that thousands of demonstrators voiced anger with vaccine mandates more broadly, especially those for public employees.

Still, across much of Los Angeles, the mandate took effect with little incident. Many bars, restaurants and fitness studios were already asking patrons to submit proof of vaccination if they planned to spend time indoors. In many cases, they said they hoped to lure back customers who might otherwise feel uncomfortable.

Allie Tichenor, the owner of Pilates Punx in the Echo Park neighborhood, said that even before the mandate went into effect, clients had asked whether instructors were vaccinated. Some volunteered their own vaccination status, and no one questioned the studio’s mask policy.

So, although she didn’t hear from the city about the new law until just before it went into effect, she quickly emailed clients asking them to send proof of vaccination.

“It helps the clients feel really safe,” she said. “I’m happy to err on the side of caution, and I’ve figured if somebody wants to push back, maybe this isn’t the studio for them.”

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